Thanks to Internet technology (IT), which is continuously offering modern ideas and possibilities to achieve our dreams. Today, Internet of Things (IoT) has became fast growing industry in developed and developing countries. Especially in current pandemic situation, Android, iOS, Social Media Applications and Windows systems get people’s utmost attention, communication applications like Skype, Viber, WhatsApp, and others have become popular and practical for end users. We are living in a digital world in the sense that our lives are surrounded by a myriad of electronic gadgets which make us also electronically inter-connected with one another in many ways. All of this is possible because of the existence of the Internet. In fact, we can hardly imagine life without the Internet as its ubiquitous presence provides 24-hour connectively. But how many of us really know the technology behind its infrastructure and economic benefits? Not many because our main interest is only to use and enjoy the Internet.
IoT may be recognized as a network of neighborhoods linked via the Internet to exchange gathered data without the need for contact with individuals or people. It is a network hybrid of several small sensors that track, gather and relay information on wireless media to the respective consumer based on their characteristics. To take pre-defined acts, the environmental and physical conditions are sensed and supervised. Users will view live data and take corrective steps automatically informed. During the last two periods, IoT grid systems have been renowned and used by their versatility and efficiency in many sectors, including agricultural, medical, and manufacturing. Current IoT technologies deliver many advantages and provide users with comparative incentives and usability to use. It provides a variety of tools and capabilities including processing and data storage, device administration, convergence, tracking, visibility of users in systems and the ability to understand and treat applications. There are various IoT types, such as on-site applications, which run on the same premises and networks as systems that are off-site that usually utilize cloud storage. IoT networks offer several benefits to various industries.
According to an IDC forecast there will be 41.6 billion IoT devices connected over the Internet by 2025 which will generate approximately 79.4 zettabytes (ZB) amount of data. Through integrating multiple devices and apps, the existing 4G networks are constantly evolving. The current 4G networks are constantly evolving with the convergence of various devices and applications. In comparison, IoT utilizes the opportunities of 4G networking. This increases the need for better 5G networks and stronger reliability. IoT innovations face several challenges, including a wide variety of connection nodes, complexities and specifications that lead to Internet growth. The incoming 5G network evolution bringing major growth in IoT applications. According to the IDC report, in the coming years about $1.2 billion in service management systems will be spent by 70% of the world’s businesses in the form of 5G networks. New technology and future business models would also evolve and demand different security standards and requirements, such as high convergence stability, protection, durability, longer mobile phone range, exceptionally low latency, and increased productivity. The 5G innovations are supposed to have modern networking interfaces to meet new IoT requirements. The creation of the incoming 5G appears to be early on with the goal of utilizing RAT, antenna upgrade, high frequency usage and overhaul.
Gartner says that by the end of 2020, 20.4 billion IoT computers will be paired digitally. In the coming years, 5G evolution would put more smartphones online and satisfy IoT networks’ consumer appetite to boost modern social and economic growth criteria. Two main innovations that drive the 5G IoT are the changing environments for future IoT networks and 5G broadband advanced technologies. The IoT networks are currently widely but not completely optimized for IoT devices, utilizing 3G and 4G networks. The 4G generation applies to the long-term evolution (LTE) that provides a broad variety of IoT base Internet facilities. In contrast to other infrastructure like BLE, WiMaxB, ZigBee, SigFox, LoRa and others, 4g networks are more flexibility, fastness, and give consumers stable services. However, 5G networks are supposed to deliver fast and sustainable internet services with the multiplication of IoT networks and apps. The following figure shows the mobile network’s progression from 3G to 5G that allows IoT to be produced.
It is remembered that developing countries such as America, Australia and Europe have developed and requested social medicine and remote application facilities significantly. According to an IBISWorld study, over 30 million users in America currently utilize IP telephony facilities and over $15.4 billion in sales in the VoIP industry.
Malaysia’s implementation of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology in 15 years has demonstrated a fast growth trend for southern Asian countries. According to an SKMM survey, in 2003 only seven ISPs produced overall VoIP revenue of 79.7 million RM. By 2005, there were RM192.7 million in gross sales. At the end of 2011, revenues surpassed the target RM1.4 billion. Right now, the sales are rising, and it is pointless to assume that in the future.
It is also compulsory to improve and invest in telecommunication networks in emerging countries, which will raise their economies and satisfy potential 5G requests. Improving telecommunications infrastructure in every nation will allow them to produce more profits and stimulate their economies and would also make citizens linked more conveniently.